baracoa .net - The very first settlements (Spanish) & capital of the island of Cuba was Baracoa.

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 first settlements founded
 official coat of arms
 the sacred cross of parra
 spanish fortresses
 general info.
 masonic lodges
 alexander von humboldt  national park
 la baracoesa
 el yunque
 typical dishes
 the custom of riding oxen
 national monument
 enriqueta faber or
 the female doctor
 sayings of my people
 map of baracoa
 personalities of my city
 rio toa
 salto fino




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El Yunque

An imposing outcrop of limestone rock, which the Admiral Christopher Columbus immortalised on 27th November 1492 when he wrote in his diary ‘and at the head of it in the south east part, stands a cape in which there is a high and square mountain that looks like an island…’.  This is considered irrefutable evidence and has helped historians to determine the date of discovery of what would later become the first of Cuba’s settlements.

The Yunque is situated between the banks of the rivers Duaba and Toa, its highest altitude above sea level is 575m, it is 1125m long and has a total area of 461000 square metres.

Its flora and fauna are generally exciting, but particularly important is the Coccothrinax Yunquensis, endemic to this zone and sister to our Royal Palm.

Miguel Castro wrote ‘when we find ourselves at the entrance of the Yunque, we are witnesses that the Royal Palm can easily sustain the sun and that Paradise exists upon earth’. It was the refuge of the natives who fled their colonizers and of the maroons and later became an observation point for the Mambises.

For all these reasons the Cuban National Commission of Monuments took the decision on 25th December 1979 to declare it a National Monument, which proclamation was made on top of the mountain on 2nd April 1980, by the president of the commission, Dr. Antonio Núñez Jiménez.


Cuba Hotels Specialist

Nigel Hunt - All Rights Reserved.

My 5 Top Hotels in Cuba:
1. Hotel El Castillo
2. Hotel Saratoga
3. Hotel Parque Central
4. Aparthotel Montehabana
5. Villa Maria La Gorda

baracoa .net - The very first settlements (Spanish) & capital of the island of Cuba was Baracoa.